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SCI-E Article

Lithium-ion batteries. A look into the future
Author Scrosati, Bruno (Dept WCU Energy Engn & Chem Engn); Hassoun, Jusef (Dept WCU Energy Engn & Chem Engn); Sun, Yang-Kook (Dept WCU Energy Engn & Chem Engn);
Corresponding Author Info Scrosati, B (reprint author), Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dept Chem, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome, Italy.
E-mail
Document Type Article
Source ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Volume:4 Issue:9 Pages:3287-3295 Published:2011
Times Cited 453
External Information http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c1ee01388b
Abstract A critical overview of the latest developments in the lithium ion batteries technology is reported. We first describe the evolution in the electrolyte area with particular attention to ionic liquids, discussing the expected application of these room temperature molten salts and listing the issues that still prevent their practical implementation. The attention is then focused on the electrode materials presently considered the most promising for enhancing the energy density of the batteries. At the anode side a discussion is provided on the status of development of high capacity tin and silicon lithium alloys. We show that the morphology that is the most likely to ensure commercial exploitation of these alloy electrodes is that involving carbon-based nanocomposites. We finally touch on super-high-capacity batteries, discussing the key cases of lithium-sulfur and lithium-air and attempting to forecast their chances to eventually reach the status of practically appealing energy storage systems. We conclude with a brief reflection on the amount of lithium reserves in view of its large use in the case of global conversion from gasoline-powered cars to hybrid and electric cars.
Web of Science Categories Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Chemical; Environmental Sciences
Funding Italian Institute of Technology; Ministry of Education, Science and Technology [R31-2008-000-10092]
Language English
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